Comments: post@finaltheories.com  
If you want to promote the theory about "The structure and composition of the cosmos", so please tell others about it  or better still, make a link to this site.  
Deduction of the Theory  Mass and Energy  Evaluation of the Theory  Test of the Theory 
 Proof: Special Relativity is Wrong 
Special
Relativity is Wrong Because
Einstein's theory of relativity has an exceedingly strong influence on the
interpretation of the structure of the Cosmos, the thesis begins with an
analysis of the results of the special theory of relativity, and proves,
that both the definition of simultaneity and relativity is wrong. Let us
start with the principle of relativity, and briefly outline what is
wrong. Since the length contraction is a result of a motion relative to the zeropoint field, it means that if the equation mentioned above is to be valid, the measuringrod with the coordinate value x must be at rest relative to the zeropoint field. Moreover,
the principle of relativity is incompatible with the quantum field theory,
which is an essential part of the standard model. This incompatibility is
due to that one cannot both have a quantum field in the form of a
zeropoint field as everything moves in relation to, and at the same
time claim that all inertial systems are equal. Because, there will only
be one system, which is fixed relative to the zeropoint field, while all
other systems will have a velocity relative to this field. Einstein's
principle of relativity, which postulates, "the phenomena of electrodynamics as well
as of mechanics possess no properties corresponding to the idea of
absolute rest.",
is therefore wrong. For example, the length contraction and the time
dilation depend on the velocity relative to the zeropoint field.
Furthermore, it is proved in the thesis "The Stucture and Composition of the
Cosmos" that the method of special relativity for
synchronization of the clocks does not hold
either. 
Special Relativity is Wrong 
 
Proof: The
Principle of Relativity implies that no Length Contractions and Time
Dilations can
Occur This means that independent inertial systems that move relative to one another all will be equivalent, and this applies regardless of how they acquired their relative velocity. It is therefore not possible to choose one inertial system over the others. Let us assume that we have three completely identical
inertial systems S, S' and S'', whose coordinate values are identical and
coincide, when the three systems have a relative velocity equal to zero.
Using a measuringrod L, which is fixed relative
to the coordinate systems, we mark out the coordinate values x_{0}, x_{0}', x_{0}'' along the positive xaxes in
respectively S, S' and S'', whereby the coordinates x_{0}, x_{0}', x_{0}'' all are of equal length x_{0}=x_{0}'=x_{0}''= L
Fig. Two
inertial systems S and S', with the relative numerical velocity
v. We have specified
that when the two inertial systems S and S' are at
rest relative to each other, the coordinate values in S and S' have
the same physical length, so x_{0}=x_{0}' at a relative velocity equal to
zero. We now consider
the case where S and S' has a relative constant velocity v in the x and x'direction.
According to the principle of relativity the length of the coordinate
x_{0}' seen from S is equal to
because of the length contraction, and seen from S'
the length of coordinate x_{0} is, likewise because of the
length contraction, equal to . As x_{0}=x_{0}'= L and
as the coordinates x_{0} and x_{0}' are subjected to the same
relative increase in velocity v, their
length contractions and hence their lengths are identical. This
means
therefore, the length contractions are
identical x_{1}=x_{1}'. 
Proof: The
Principle of Relativity implies that no Length Contractions and Time
Dilations can
Occur 


The Fact, that the Length Contractions in the two Inertial Systems are of the Same Size, can be Interpreted in Two Ways If
the length contractions only occur, when they are observed from
an inertial system that has a constant relative velocity compared with the
system, where the length contractions seem to occur, the contractions
will be termed as imaginary or pseudo. The treatment of the length
contractions can accordingly be divided into two cases:
1) The case where the relative motion creates imaginary length contractions of the same size.
2) The case where the relative motion
creates real length contractions of the same
size. When the length contraction only occurs when the observer is in an inertial system, which has a velocity relative to the system where the length contraction takes place, it is a pseudophenomenon. Since the size of the length contractions are identical in the two inertial systems S and S', an observer in S will due to the relative velocity of S' get the perception, that there is a length contraction in S', and conversely, when the observer is located in S', he will get the perception that there is a length contraction in S. Since the length contractions are equal in the two systems, it will not be possible to find any differences between the two systems by a comparative measurement.
This corresponds to a situation where an
observer stands at one end of a road as we may call S, and observe a light
pole at the other end of the road, which we call S'. The observer who is
in S believe because of the distance to the light pole in S', that it is
subjected to a length contraction. On the other hand, the observer who is
situated in S' believe, it is the light pole in S that have been subjected
to a length contraction. This means that the length contractions are
imaginary or fictitious.
Fig. Two inertial systems S and S', with the relative numerical velocity v_{1}. We now impart a relative constant
velocity v_{1
}to
S and S' in the x and x'direction,
respectively. It results in that seen from S a length contraction occurs
in S' and seen from S' a length contraction occurs in S. Since the systems
are completely symmetrical, the sizes of the length contractions are
according to the principle of relativity identical in the two
systems. That is to say, according to the principle of relativity the length of the coordinate x_{0}' is seen from S equal to because of the length contraction, and seen from S' the length of the coordinate x_{0 }is because of the length contraction equal to . As x_{0}= x_{0}' = L, and as the coordinates x_{0 }in S and x_{0}' in S' are subjected to the same relative velocity change v_{1}, their length contractions are also identical. This means that
therefore, the lengths of the contracted
coordinates are equal, x_{1}= x_{1}'.
Fig. Three inertial systems S, S' and S'', with different velocities of S' and S'' relative to S. We now look at S and S'' with the relative
constant velocity v_{2} in the x
and x''direction.
We assume further that S and S' still have the relative constant velocity
v_{1},
and that . According to the principle of relativity the length of
the coordinate x_{0}'' seen from S is equal to because of the length contraction, and seen from
S'' the length of the coordinate x_{0 }is, likewise, equal to because of the length
contraction.
so, the length of the contracted coordinates are equal, x_{2} = x_{2}''. We now know that according to relativity the length of the coordinate value x_{0} in S, because of the relative velocity v_{1 }of the inertial system S relative to S', is subjected to the real length contraction , and because of the relative velocity
v_{2
}_{}of the inertial system S in relation to S'', is
x_{0
}in S subjected to the real length
contraction
We
have thus proved that if relativity is true, there can be no real
length contractions. We can similarly introduce infinitely many inertial systems which all have different relative velocities to the inertial system S, whereby we will have that the coordinate x_{0} in S assumes infinitely many lengths at the same time. It is of course not possible, why we have to ascertain that Einstein's principle of relativity does not hold good.
In other words, there can be no real length contractions, if we as Einstein assume that: "The phenomena of electrodynamics as well as of mechanics possess no properties corresponding to the idea of absolute rest."

The Fact, that the Length Contractions in the two Inertial Systems are of the Same Size, can be Interpreted in Two Ways 
 
Even if
the Principle of Relativity was True, there could not
arise any Time Dilations
We now consider the times t and t' in two equivalent inertial systems S and S' with the relative velocity v.
Fig.
The times t
and t' are
identical in the two systems.
. Altogether, we have, that seen from S the time of S' is exposed to the time dilation , and seen from S' the time of S is exposed to the time dilation , so
. We find, therefore, that whatever factor that might exist between the times of the two symmetrical inertial systems, it will be true that
.
Altogether, we
can thus conclude, that relativity only hold good if there are no real
length contractions or time dilations  but there does! From Michelson
and Morley's experiment, ^{[1]}
the decay of muons in the earth's atmosphere ^{[4]} and
the mass increase of elementary particles in the cyclotron, ^{[5]} we
know that there occur phenomena, which relate to real length
contractions and time dilations, so there must exist physical
conditions that cause these phenomena to take place.

Even if the Principle of
Relativity was True, there could not arise any Time
Dilations

 
Physical Conditions that cause Length Contractions and Time Dilations Suppose again that we have two inertial systems S and S', with a relative numerical velocity v < c, such that seen from S there occurs a length contraction in S', and seen from S' there occurs a length contraction in S. Suppose that there is placed a measuringrod in each of the inertial systems. According the theory of relativity, both measuringrods will thus be subjected to a length contraction. If
we imagine that we remove the inertial system S, will there then still
occur a length contraction in the system S'? Since
the cause, of the length contraction in the inertial system S', cannot
be due to the presence of the inertial system S (as we otherwise
could change the length contraction in S', simply by changing the velocity
of S or replace S with another inertial system with a different velocity)
we may assume, that if there is a length contraction in S', the length
contraction will continue to exist after we have removed the inertial
system S. If we remove both reference systems, but retain the physical conditions, what we have left are two measuringrods that both are moving rectilinear through space, with a relative velocity v. Since there is no physical connection between the two measuringrods, it may be possible to remove one of the measuringrods, and thus concentrate on the other. The only property that might influence the
length contraction of the measuringrod is its relative velocity, but as
the relation to another measuringrod cannot have any influence on
the length contraction, the relative velocity should be measured
against something that might affect its length. Since the electromagnetic
forces that hold the measuringrod together propagate with the
velocity c in
the zeropoint field, it is
likely that the measuringrod creep when it is moving relative to
this field. According
to the quantum field theory, the zeropoint field is the
quantum state with the lowest possible energy. Although this quantum state
generally possesses no physical particles, this vacuum state is not empty,
but contains volatile electromagnetic waves and particles that pop up and
disappear, and serves as the medium in which the waves propagate. The
existence of the zeropoint field can be demonstrated experimentally by
the Casimir effect. ^{[6]}^{,
}^{[7]}^{,
}^{[8]} Since
this field because of its lowenergy content ^{[9]}
does not posses any form of kinetic energy, the field is stationary. The
particles that make up our universe may, as the field is present
everywhere, be regarded as excited states of this quantum field, whereby
the zeropoint field provides a background against which all other
velocities must be related. One cannot
both have a zeropoint field that all particles relate to, and at the same
time claim that relativity applies, that is to say that all inertial
systems are equal, or with Einstein's own words, that: "The phenomena
of electrodynamics as well as of mechanics possess no properties
corresponding to the idea of absolute rest". ^{[1]}

Physical Conditions that cause Length Contractions and Time Dilations 


Length contraction Let us look at Michelson and Morley's interference experiment. ^{[1]} In this experiment, there was used an equipment that was in motion relative to the ether. Since the ether in the present theory is the zeropoint field, we will look at the apparatus and its velocity relative to this field. The motion of the apparatus relative to the quantum field is composed of the earth's rotation around its axis, the earth's rotation around the sun, the sun's rotation of around the center of the Milky Way, the sun's wave motion relative to the galaxy plane, and finally the galaxy's velocity relative to the zeropoint field.
Fig. The path of light in Michelson's interferometer. Despite
the constantly changing velocity and direction of the apparatus with
respect to the zeropoint field, there was not found any changes of
the velocity of light. This
stems from that light (whose interference we are measuring) has a constant
velocity in the zeropoint field. Since the virtual photons, which keep
the apparatus together, have exactly the same constant velocity relative
to the zero point field as the light, regardless of the relative velocity
of the apparatus, these photons continuously change the extent of the
apparatus in relation to its velocity relative to the zeropoint
field. 
Length contraction 


As time is linear, space is
Euclidean
A logical consequence of the presence of the
zeropoint field is that the light propagates in the zeropoint field at a
constant velocity c, as
determined by the properties of the electric (dielectric constant of
vacuum ) and the
magnetic (the vacuum permeability ) field, so that . ^{[12]}
In contrast to Einstein's special theory of relativity, which in 1905 was
put forward on the bases of postulations on "the constant velocity of
light" and "the principle of relativity", the quantum field theory thus
gives a natural explanation of why light propagates with a constant
velocity c.
Accordingly, we find, just as Einstein postulated, that: "Light is
always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c, which is independent
of the state of motion of the emitting body."
Since the space is Euclidean, it becomes
possible to evolve a consistent theory of the structure and composition of
the Cosmos, based on the most solid laws of physics.

As time is linear, space is Euclidean 


References 1. Albert Einstein, et al.: "The Principle of Relativity", Dover Publications, New York. 2. Ture
Eriksson, Torbjörn Lagerwall og Olof Backman: "Mekanik. Värmeläre",
Almqvist & Wiksell 3. Cyriaque Genet, Francesco Intravaia,
Astrid Lambrecht and Serge Reynaud: "Electromagnetic 5. E. J. Lofgren: "The Proton Synchrotron", Science, Vol. 111, pp. 295  300, 24 March 1950. 6.
Phillip F. Schewe and Ben Stein: "The Casimir Force", Inside Science
Research  Physics News 7. U.
Mohideen and Anushree Roy: "Precision Measurement of the Casimir Force
from 0.1 to 0.9 μm", 8.
Cyriaque Genet, Francesco Intravaia, Astrid Lambrecht and Serge Reynaud:
"Electromagnetic 9.
Viatcheslav Mukhanov and Sergei Winitzki: "Introduction to Quantum Effects
in Gravity", 10. Ryder, L.H. "Quantum Field Theory", Cambridge University Press, 1985. 11.
Walter Dittrich & Gies H.: "Probing the quantum vacuum: perturbative
effective action approach", 12. John
R. Reitz, Frederick J. Milford, Robert W. Christy: "Foundations of
Electromagnetic Theory",
J. C.
Maxwell: "On Physical Lines of Force", Philosophical Magazine and Journal
of Science, London, Joseph John Thomson: "On the Effects produced by the Motion of Electrified Bodies", Philosophical Magazine, 5 11 (68): 229–249, 1881. Joseph Larmor: "Aether and Matter", Cambridge at the University press, 1900. H. A. Lorentz: "Electromagnetic Phenomena in a system moving with any volocity less than that of light", Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of Amsterdam, 6, 1904. Elie Zahar: "Why did Einstein's Programme supersede Lorentz's?", The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 1973. The International System of Units (SI), 8th
edition 2006, Organisation Intergouvernementale de la Convention du Mètre,
STEDI MEDIA, 1, Boulevard Ney, 75018 Paris, 2006. 
References 
To the Top © J. Balslev 2010 